Aquaponics - Aquaponics is the cultivation of fish and plants together in a constructed, re-circulating ecosystem utilizing natural bacterial cycles to convert fish wastes to plant nutrients.
This is an environmentally-friendly, natural food growing method that harnesses the best attributes of aquaculture and hydroponics without the need to discard any water or filtrate or add chemical fertilizers.
Aquaponic Gardening - Aquaponics done in a home or community environment where the produce is to be consumed by the gardeners themselves, and is not grown for resale puposes.
Media-Based Aquaponics - Where the filtration (both bio and solids) takes place in the media (inert plant growing material such as a gravel or other aggregate) within the grow bed. The water delivery can be constant-flow, timed or flood and drain. The functions of a media bed are:
1-a media bed supports the plants
2-a media bed provides solids filtration
3-a media bed provides bio-filtration
4-a media bed provides a home for worms
5- a horizontal media bed provides a place to set down your drink.
NFT (Nutrient Film Technique) - A method of growing plants in which a thin and even film of aerated nutrient solution flows down a channel into which the roots of the crop are suspended. It is very important to filter the water well before sending it to an NFT trough since fish waste in the trough and on the plant roots will negatively impact the plant's growth. NFT aquaponics requires separate solids and bio-filtration. While the reduced amount of water needed to fill the system may seem like a benefit, it can mean greater temperature and water quality fluctuations in a short period of time.
DWC (Deep Water Culture) - DWC is often referred to as Raft where the plants grow suspended over a tank of water in which nutrient rich water flows with supplemental aeration. In most situations filtration needs to occur before fish water is sent to the raft area of the system.
CHIFT PIST (Constant Height In Fish Tank Pump In Sump Tank) - Maintaining a constant volume/height in the fish tank with a sump tank at the lowest point and a fish tank at a higher point. The pump lifts water from the sump tank to the fish tank and water flows from the fish tank to the grow beds which drain back to the sump tank.
CHOP (Constant Height One Pump) - Basically the same thing as CHIFT PIST. With CHIFT PIST there has not normally been a distinction between the variation where the fish tank drains back to the sump directly and the pump pumps to the grow beds and they might drain to the sump or the fish tank. With CHOP it was normally assumed that the fish tank got the water from the pump and drained to grow beds which drained to the sump.
CHOP2 - The variation of CHIFT PIST where both the fish tank and grow beds drained to the sump and the sump pumped to both the growbeds and fish tank
Constant Flow - (still being defined) http://aquaponicscommunity.com/forum/topics/define-constant-flow-aquaponics
Flood and Drain- The plant growing space is allowed to flood and then drain either by the use of a pump on a timer to fill the bed and then allow it to drain while the pump is off or by the use of a siphon or other intermittent outflow device where the bed is constantly filling and then the siphon will drain the bed quickly.
Advantages: providing ample oxygen to plant roots and bio filter bacteria without the need of extra aeration. Many plants like some dry time especially if the water is not super aerated.
Disadvantages: Water level needs to fluctuate in the system to provide the water for flood and drain. Flood and drain offers more media to air than media to water interface which can have an exaggerated heat exchange effect on water temperatures.
Ebb and Flow - The same as Flood and Drain except you are usually pumping up through the bottom of the grow bed and then when the pump turns off, you are draining back down through the pump.
Chemistry Cheat Sheet (created by community member Bob Campbell)
C - Carbon
Ca - Calcium
Cl - Chlorine
Cu - Copper
Fe - Iron
H - Hydrogen
K - Potassium
N - Nitrogen
Na - Sodium
Mg - Magnesium
Mn - Manganese
Ni - Nichel
O - Oxygen
P - Phosphorus
S - Sulfur
Z - Zinc
GH - General hardness (a measure of the concentration of divalent metal ions such as calcium Ca2+, and magnesium Mg2+)
KH - Carbonate hardness (a measure of the alkalinity)
pH - "power/potential of hydrogen" (A measure of the concentration of Hydrogen atoms, H+)
Alkalinity - The capacity of water for neutralizing an acid
Acid - The negative logarithm of the concentration of hydronium ions - substance that increases the concentration of hydronium ions (H3O+) in solution
Base - The positive logarithm of the concentration of hydronium ions -substance that can accept hydrogen ions or more generally, donate a pair of valence electrons. A soluble base is referred to as an alkali if it contains and releases hydroxide ions (OH−)
Ion - An atom or molecule in which the total number of electrons is not equal to the total number of protons
Anions - Negatively charged ions
Cations - Positively charged ions
Chelate - The way ions and molecules bind metal ions to allow the metals to be available to plants as nutrients
Ligand - That which binds to a central metal atom
Divalent - Forming two bonds with other ions or molecules
Anhydrous - Contains no water
CaCO3 - Calcium carbonate (Chalk, agricultural lime)
CaOH2 - Calcium hydroxide (also called slaked lime, hydrated lime, pickling lime, builders lime)
NaHCO3 - Sodium bicarbonate (Baking soda)
KHCO3 - Potassium bicarbonate (an ingredient of baking powder, also used in fire extinguishers)
K2CO3 - Potassium carbonate. (primary component of potash)
KCl - Potassium chloride (available as water softener)
KOH - Potassium hydroxide
K2SO4 - Potassium sulfate
HCO3 - Bicarbonate
HCL - Hydrogen Chloride (forms Hydrochloric acid the aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride)
H2CO3 - Carbonic acid (formed by CO2 and H2O as in club soda, soda water, sparkling water, or seltzer water and acid oceans due to burning fossil fuels)
H2SO4 - Sulfuric acid (Used in acidic drain cleaner, and electrolyte in lead-acid batteries)
HNO3 - Nitric acid
H3PO4 - Phosphoric acid
CO2 - Carbon dioxide
OH− - Hydroxide (functions as a base)
FT: Fish Tank
GB: Grow Beds
GPH: Gallons Per Hour (on water pump)
ppm: parts per million
ppt: parts per thousand (although, according to Wikipedia, it should always be spelled out "parts per thousand" since ppt actually stands for "parts per trillion". In an aquaponics setting though, I don't think you'll be measure things out in the parts per trillion scale)
mg/l: miligrams per liter (the equivalent measurement of parts per million)