The isogonal conjugate of a point in the plane of the Triangle is constructed by
reflecting the lines , , and about the Angle Bisectors at , , and . The
three reflected lines Concur at the isogonal conjugate. The Trilinear Coordinates of the
isogonal conjugate of the point with coordinates

are

Isogonal conjugation maps the interior of a Triangle onto itself. This mapping transforms lines onto Conic Sections that Circumscribe the Triangle. The type of Conic Section is determined by whether the line meets the Circumcircle ,

- 1. If does not intersect , the isogonal transform is an Ellipse;
- 2. If is tangent to , the transform is a Parabola;
- 3. If cuts , the transform is a Hyperbola, which is a Rectangular Hyperbola if the line passes through the Circumcenter

The isogonal conjugate of a point on the Circumcircle is a Point at Infinity (and conversely). The sides of the Pedal Triangle of a point are Perpendicular to the connectors of the corresponding Vertices with the isogonal conjugate. The isogonal conjugate of a set of points is the Locus of their isogonal conjugate points.

The product of Isotomic and isogonal conjugation is a Collineation which transforms the sides of a Triangle to themselves (Vandeghen 1965).

**References**

Casey, J. *A Treatise on the Analytical Geometry of the Point, Line, Circle, and Conic Sections, Containing
an Account of Its Most Recent Extensions with Numerous Examples, 2nd rev. enl. ed.* Dublin: Hodges, Figgis, & Co., 1893.

Johnson, R. A. *Modern Geometry: An Elementary Treatise on the Geometry of the Triangle and the Circle.*
Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, pp. 153-158, 1929.

Vandeghen, A. ``Some Remarks on the Isogonal and Cevian Transforms. Alignments of Remarkable Points of a Triangle.''
*Amer. Math. Monthly* **72**, 1091-1094, 1965.

© 1996-9

1999-05-26